Fall gardening and what you can plant depends on the climate zone you are in. One quick way to find out what is best suited for your region is to simply go to your nursery and ask them and see what they have for sale at that time of the year.
Your local nursery man should be keen to share with you his experience and knowledge for successful planting at this time of year.
His/her experience will take into account the effects of weather not just on the plants that you may choose, but also on the soil as this can be affected by a lack of rain, too much rain or freezing conditions and so on.
While it is important to mulch in all regions it is especially beneficial where the ground will be covered with snow and ice.
This will help ameliorate the effects of freezing cold conditions and protect the roots of your plants. The mulch needs to be at least 4 inches thick.
If you have fruit trees such as peaches, pears, apples or plums, spray now with dormant oils to reduce insect problems later in the year.
However, wait to prune fruit trees and great until later in the winter, after the worst cold has passed.
Treat your peaches and nectarines before early March with a lime-sulphur (Bordeaux mixture) to prevent peach leaf curl.
Remember, keep turning your compost pile periodically.
It pays to forward plan so don’t just look at all the catalogues from the various nurseries that you subscribe to.
Get your orders in so that you won’t miss out when spring arrives next year. Just make sure that when you order, carefully look for things that do well in your climate region.
If you live in a temperate zone, often what you can plant for spring color can also be planted in autumn. Bulb varieties such as hyacinths and tulips will need about six weeks in your fridge before planting in the winter.
Cottage flowers such as lobelia, pansies and violas can give you wonderful winter colour as the autumn soil should be still warm enough for them to get well established and be strong for winter cold.
If you are planting seeds then you will need to plant them deeper than you would in spring to protect them from the cold.
I live in a temperate zone – so I can get another crop of roses before winter when I prune in Autumn – so give it a try!
More on cottage flowers on this page Cottage Gardens